10 Photos that follow coffee's journey from the tree to your cup.

When we drink our coffee in the morning, I don’t imagine many of us think about what it took to get the coffee from the tree to our cup. As you’ll see, it’s a long process and takes a great deal of work.

1. The coffee tree nursery.

This is where seeds of the coffee trees are planted and the seedlings cared for until they are ready to be planted on the coffee farms. It will be about 5 years before the tree is mature enough to be harvested. And yes, the seed is a coffee bean.

Coffee tree seedlings

2. Coffee cherries on the tree.

Each coffee tree yields only about one or two pounds of coffee a year. The coffee cherries go from green to red, when they are ready to be picked.

Coffee cherries on the tree

3. Picking the cherries.

Picking the cherries is labor-intensive, because not all the cherries ripen at the same time, so each tree has to be picked several times. And in some regions the coffee is grown on steep mountain slopes, making picking even harder.

Fresh picked coffee beans

4. Separating the beans from the cherry.

This first step in the processing involves separating the pulp of the cherry from the two coffee seeds, or beans, inside. This is done by a machine that rubs the pulp from the beans. (Sometimes there is just one bean inside, which is called a “peaberry”).

Green coffee beans

5. Drying the beans.

Once out of the cherry, the coffee bean has a high moisture content – about 45% - and needs to be dried before further processing. This involves laying the beans out on large terraces where the sun can dry them over the course of 5 to 8 days.

Drying coffee beans

6. Separating the parchment from the beans.

Once the coffee bean is dry – down to about 12% water - an outer skin or “parchment” has to be removed. This is done mechanically. Actually, there are two layers to remove, the outer parchment and an inner layer known as silverskin. Now you have a green coffee beans. The beans are graded, packed, stored and shipped.

Coffee bean parchment

7. Roasting the green beans.

Once the sacks of green beans have made their long journey by boat, they are trucked to a coffee roaster. Some roasting facilities are huge, with roasting drums the size of school buses. You’ll find small-batch roasters in your neighborhood, or even in your local coffee shop. 

Roasting coffee

8. Grinding the roasted coffee beans.

Sometimes the coffee beans are ground before they reach the shelves at your supermarket. But more and more of us like to grind our beans at home. Why? Because fresh-ground beans taste better. More on coffee grinders here…

Grinding coffee beans

9. Brewing the coffee.

There are many different types of coffee brewer, all designed to immerse the ground coffee in hot water and extract the taste we all know and love. Oh, and the caffeine too, particularly when we first get up in the morning. More on coffee makers here…

French press coffee

10. Enjoying the cup.

However you like your coffee – dark or light, with cream or without, with or without sugar - enjoy it and smile! And yes, a huge number of us enjoy our coffee. Worldwide, over 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day.


Smiley coffee mug

Amazing outdoor coffee photos.

A collection of coffee photos, taken outdoors in different parts of the world. With some amazing locations. See the photos...

Some of our favorite coffee photos.

After taking and collecting photos for this website for several years now, we have some favorites. See the photos...

Coffee art photos for lovers of the bean.

There is coffee art in the form of latte art, and then there is coffee art in the way we place it and see it in our homes and elsewhere. See the photos...

Read more of my coffee opinion posts.

In these posts I share my thoughts and opinions on various aspects of gourmet coffee – sometimes thoughtful, and sometimes more lighthearted. Find my posts here...

About the author: Nick Usborne, aka Coffee Detective, is a writer and long-time coffee enthusiast. Read more…

health benefits of coffee

This 9-page report tells you about some of the surprising, and important health benefits of drinking coffee.

This report is yours FREE when you sign up for the Coffee Detective Newsletter

"The Health Benefits of
Drinking Coffee"

Sign up below and we'll provide a link where you can download your report immediately.




Your e-mail address is totally secure, and will be used only to send you The Coffee Detective Newsletter.

What's new...

  1. How to make coffee at home as good as you get in coffee shops.

    To make great coffee at home, you need to consider the water, the coffee beans, the grinder and the coffee maker.

    Read More

  2. Make better coffee by grinding your beans a little coarser.

    One thing I learned from my visit to East Coast Coffee Madness in Montreal is that you can make a better brew by grinding your beans a little coarser.

    Read More

  3. Our review of a Yirgacheffe coffee from Modest Coffee Roasters.

    Modest Coffee Roasters offer a three-level subscription service, which includes some amazing coffees like this Yirgacheffe.

    Read More

  4. Your best source for pour over coffee gear.

    The founders of Coletti coffee nor only sell great pour over coffee gear, but are also supporting some important non-profits.

    Read More

The Best Coffee Blogs of 2016 by Market Inspector